September 5, 1972: The Munich Massacre Begins.
On this day in history, the Palestinian group known as Black September took 11 members of the Israeli Olympic team as hostages. The armed vigilantes demanded the release of over 200 Palestinian prisoners who were in captivity in Israel including Andreas Baader and Ulrike Meinhof, the founders of the Red Army Faction, a German leftist-militant group.
The armed members of Black September eventually killed the 11 members of the Israeli Olympic team as well as a German police officer. Three of the eight members of Black September were killed and three were taken into custody. However, the three members were later released following the hijacking of a Lufthansa airliner.
On September 8, 1972 the State of Israel bombed 10 PLO bases located in Syria and Lebanon in which an estimated 200 people were killed. Under the leadership of Golda Meir, Israel as well enacted Operation Spring of Youth, in which three top PLO leaders were killed in Lebanon along with three civilians.
Operation Wrath of God was as well put into place, an operation with the intent of bring all those involved in the Munich Massacre to justice. The operation was conducted by the Mosaad and the operation is believed to have lasted 20 years.
The Munich Massacre remains an iconic portrayal of the long-lasting Palestinian-Israeli conflict.