January 16, 1991: The Persian Gulf War Beings.
At midnight in Iraq the deadline the United Nations had set for the removal of all Iraqi troops within Kuwait expired. As a result the Pentagon began to prepare offensive strikes that will liberate Kuwait from the five-month old occupation by Iraqi forces. At 4:30pm EST, the first fighter aircrafts were launched from Saudi Arabia and off U.S. and British carriers in the Persian Gulf on bombing missions over Iraq. Throughout the entire evening the attacks continued under the direction of the United States, mainly the attacks focused around the city of Baghdad with millions of people watching all over the world in their television footage transmitted via satellite from Baghdad and elsewhere. At 7:00 p.m., Operation Desert Storm, the code-name for the massive offensive attack against Iraq, was announced at the White House.
Under the leadership of the United States over 32 countries including, Britain, Egypt, France, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait led a massive airstrike against Iraq. The airstrikes were met without Iraqi resistance and ground troops as a result were left defenseless. Instead Saddam Hussein focused on launching SCUD missile attacks against Saudi Arabia and Israel in hopes that the missiles would provoke Israel to enter the war, but at the request of the United States, Israel remained out of the war.
On February 24, a ground attack commenced against Iraqi troops, Iraq’s outdated and poorly equipped armed forces led to their downfall and Kuwait’s liberation within four days. On February 28, George W. H. Bush declared a cease-fire and Iraq pledged to honor future coalition and U.N. peace terms.
On March 20, 2003 a second war between the United States and Iraq commenced, with the sole purpose of removing Saddam Hussein from power and to find and destroy Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction. Saddam Hussein was captured on December 13, 2003 and killed. No weapons of mass destruction were ever found.