October 14, 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis Begins.
On October 14, 1962 the Cuban Missile Crisis commences, bring the Soviet Union and the United States to the brink of a nuclear conflict. After the failure of the United States attempt to overthrow Cuban head of state Fidel Castro, the Soviet Union and Cuba secretly began to build bases in Cuba for a number of medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic missiles with the ability to strike most of the continental United States.
The United States in 1961 placed Jupiter IRBMs in Italy and Turkey with the capability of striking Moscow, Russia. Two days after photographs were taken of the base in Cuba, Kennedy was made aware of the situation and a blockade on Cuba was placed.
For the next two week the United States and the Soviet Union would come as close to a nuclear war as they ever had.